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The website and all related logos were designed by Aleks Pluskowski.


The database is being designed by Julian Simpson and Jim Kosem, in conjunction with Dr Diego Calaon and the team of The Ecology of Crusading project.


Original Polish translation by Tomasz Borowski and Latvian translation by Gundars Kalniņš. In the third year of the project we reluctantly decided to de-activate the translated pages, as there was no time to regularly update them in all languages.


Images of Narva castle reproduced with the kind permission of Alma Luka. All other photographs have been provided by members of the project: Alex Brown, Lisa-Marie Shillito, Marc Jarzebowski, Daniel Makowiecki and Aleks Pluskowski. Please ask permission before you reproduce them elsewhere. We are also collaborating with wildlife photographer Magnus Elander, whose work will form an important component of our final outputs.

AMS dating

All accelerator mass spectrometry dating for the project is carried out by SUERC.


The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Union's Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013) under grant agreement n° 263735.



We would like to thank Charlotte Johnson, Chris Gerrard, Juhan Kreem, Roberta Gilchrist, Grenville Astill, Mike Fulford, Martin Bell, Heather Browning, Adam Bell, Sarah Smith, The University of Reading and UKRO for their support leading up to the successful funding application which made this project possible. We would like to thank our friends and colleagues in Poland, Latvia, Estonia, Lithuania, Denmark, Norway and Sweden for their extensive and continuing support over the years building up to this project.

All geophysics work for the project has been carried out by Dave Thornley, along with Christine Bunting and Kate Turner. We would like to thank all involved, but particularly Dave Thornley for providing regular reports, support and his sustained, enthusiastic involvement in the project.

We would like to thank colleagues who attended the 'Ecology of Crusading' workshop at Malbork castle in 2009, sponsored by the European Science Foundation: Zbigniew Sawicki, Heiki Valk, Kaspars Kļaviņš, Gundars Kalniņš, Tomasz Nowakiewicz, Linas Daugnora, Vykintas Vaitkevičius, Arnis Mugurēvičs, Povilas Blaževičius, Migle Stancikaite, Dalia Kisieliene, Eugenijus Svetikas, Jószef Laszlovszky, Juhan Kreem, Marc Jarzebowski, Krish Seetah, Alex Brown, Lisa-Marie Shillito, Chris Gerrard, Adrian Boas, Henrik Jansson and Bernhard Palme.

The project's core team would like to thank all those who have participated in fieldwork associated with the project: Rob Batchelor, Kevin Williams, Martin Malve, Martti Veldi, Linas Daugnora, Algirdas Girininkas. We would like to thank the many students from the UK, Estonia, Latvia, Poland and other countries who have participated in the project's collaborative and truly international excavations. A special thanks to Rūta Kraukle for her constant support in Latvia, on excavations and in the National History Museum. We would also like to thank Uldis Kalējs for enabling us to collaborate with him on his project in Riga's Old Town.

For additional zooarchaeological work we would like to extend our thanks to Mark Maltby, Sheila Hamilton-Dyer, Rose Calis, Katie McCullough, Richard Madgwick and David Orton. For zooarchaeological work in Poland we would also like to acknowledge and thank Marzena Makowiecka. We would also like to thank Siim Veski and Normunds Stivriņš for providing us with the opportunity to take lake cores in Estonia and Latvia.

European Research Council Malbork castle museum
University of Reading
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